Capcom (Japanese: カプコン, Hepburn: Kabushiki) is a Japanese developer and publisher of video games, known for creating multi-million-selling franchises such as Mega Man, Resident Evil, Devil May Cry and Street Fighter. Originally established in 1983, it has since become an international enterprise with branches and subsidiaries in North America, Europe, and East Asia.
The original companies that spawned Capcom's Japanese branch were I.R.M Corporation founded on May 30, 1979, as well as its subsidiary Japan Capsule Computers Co., Ltd., both of which were devoted to the manufacturing and distribution of electronic game machines. The two companies underwent a name change to Sambi Co., Ltd. in September 1981, while Capcom Co., Ltd. itself was first established on June 11, 1983, for the purpose of taking over the internal sales department.
In January 1989, the old affiliate company Capcom Co., Ltd. merged with Sambi Co., Ltd., resulting in the current Japanese branch. The name Capcom is an abbreviation of "Capsule Computers", a term coined by the company to describe the arcade machines it solely manufactured in its early years, designed to set themselves apart from personal computers that were becoming widespread at that time. The word capsule alludes to how Capcom likened its game software to "a capsule packed to the brim with gaming fun", as well as to the company's desire to protect its intellectual property with a hard outer shell, preventing illegal copies and inferior imitations.
While Capcom's first product was the coin-operated Little League from July 1983, its first real video game, the arcade title Vulgus, was released in May 1984. Beginning with a Nintendo Entertainment System port of 1942 published in December 1985, the company started to venture into the market of home console video games, which became its main business segment a few years later. Since then, Capcom created 15 multi-million-selling game series, the most successful of which is Resident Evil.
In 1994, Capcom adapted its Street Fighter series of fighting games into a film of the same name. While commercially successful, the production received almost universal criticism. A 2002 adaptation of its Resident Evil series faced similar criticism but was also successful in theaters. The company sees films as a way to build sales for its video games.
- Final Fight
- Ghosts 'n Goblins
- Mega Man
- Resident Evil
- Street Fighter
- Viewtiful Joe
- Remember Me (2013)
- X-Men vs. Street Fighter (1996-1998)
- Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter (1997-1999)
- Marvel vs. Capcom: Clash of Superheroes (1999-2012)
- Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes (2000-2012)
- Capcom vs. SNK: Millennium Fight 2000 (2000-2002)
- Capcom vs. SNK 2: Mark of the Millennium 2001 (2001-2003)
- Namco X Capcom (2005)
- Tatsunoko vs. Capcom: Cross Generation of Heroes (2008)
- Tatsunoko vs. Capcom: Ultimate All-Stars (2010)
- Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds (2011)
- Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 (2011)
- Street Fighter X Tekken (2012)
- Marvel vs. Capcom Origins (2012)
- Street Fighter X Mega Man (2012)
- Project X Zone (2013)