New Line Film Productions Inc., often simply referred to as New Line Cinema, is an American film studio. It was founded in 1967 by Robert Shaye as a film distribution company, later becoming an independent film studio. It became a subsidiary first of Turner Broadcasting, then Time Warner in 1996 and was merged with larger sister studio Warner Bros. in 2008.
Unlike other independent studios such as Orion Pictures, Carolco Pictures, or Cannon Films, New Line Cinema grew and prospered to become one of Hollywood's major film studios, culminating in the hit Lord of the Rings film trilogy that brought commercial success to the studio.
Prior to this, New Line was responsible for genre films and cult classics such as Dark City, the Jim Carrey vehicles The Mask and Dumb & Dumber, the Austin Powers film trilogy, the fantasy Pleasantville, the Final Destination series, the Nightmare on Elm Street series, the Friday films, the films of John Waters, the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles films, the highly successful movie adaptation of Mortal Kombat (as well as its ill-fated sequel), the Rush Hour films, the Critters films and the Blade trilogy.